Model 3 hp

Model 3 hp DEFAULT

If Tesla has proven anything to car enthusiasts, it's that electric cars don't have to be boring. The Model 3 Performance, which has more power, more tire, and better brakes than the dual-motor Long Range model on which it's based, goes much further than simply not boring and is an unbelievably fun sports sedan.

Not a believer? Floor it from a stop and try a few 30-to-50-mph pulls. This is a car that flirts with 1 g both on the skidpad, with a 0.96 g effort, and in gut-punching acceleration. An over-the-air update that was delivered back in 2019 promised a 5 percent increase of power to all Model 3s, and the Performance will pin you back in the seat like a supercar.

HIGHS: Near-supercar acceleration, entertaining Track mode, well-developed charging infrastructure.

The Model 3 Performance's 3.1-second blast to 60 mph is 0.4 seconds quicker than the 450-hp 3 Performance we tested in 2018, and it boasts a claimed 162-mph top speed. Tesla doesn't disclose its horsepower or torque figures anymore, but the promised 5 percent increase would put it at about 470 horsepower. The instant response and all-wheel-drive traction from the motors gives the 3 an off-the-line advantage over more powerful stuff like the 760-hp Ford Mustang Shelby GT500, although once the Shelby is hooked up, it pulls ahead before 100 mph. The Model 3 isn't all about acceleration, however. The Performance's larger brakes and Michelin Pilot Sport 4S tires help it achieve a 147-foot stop from 70 mph, which is competitive with the best sports sedans.

It'll go sideways, too. Switch to Track mode, which launched after our previous test of the Model 3 Performance, and the driver can adjust the power split to favor the rear wheels (or the fronts). Also, extremely rare among Teslas, it allows stability control to be completely disabled. Send all the power back and drift away. Track mode also allows for adjusting the amount of regenerative braking when slowing for corners and gives the option to set the cooling system preemptively to full blast to keep the battery temps in check ahead of hot laps. To monitor thermal distress, the iPad-like screen in the middle of the car will display the temperature status of the battery, motors, tires, and brakes. Blue means cold, red means hot, and green means go, man, go. Below the temp display is a g-force meter, and there's a lap timer that lets drivers drop pins on the map for start/finish locations. You can even record dashcam footage of your laps.

LOWS: Lacks a stirring soundtrack like the gas-powered sports-sedan competition, Tesla build quality.

The Model 3's small-diameter steering wheel protrudes from the minimalistic dash in a way that feels like it's growing out of a piece of plywood. Even on non-Performance models, the steering is precise and gets heavier in Sport mode. Direct and responsive steering and the instant torque propels the car to the next corner without skipping a beat. It's a rush, but the road noise and subdued whirr of the electric motors leaves your ears wanting. Our eyes were also left wanting when they noticed the large hood gap on our test car, an all-too-common Tesla build-quality issue.

Attractive 20-inch wheels, red-painted calipers, and a small carbon-fiber spoiler set the Performance model apart from lesser Model 3s. Tesla doesn't add any Performance badging, so spotters should look for a red line under the Dual Motor badge. Inside is Tesla's intuitive and responsive touchscreen interface that makes finding a Supercharger a low-stress affair. The EPA estimates our test car will travel up to 310 miles on a single charge, though we achieved 220 miles in our 75-mph highway test, just 10 miles shy of the Long Range Model 3, and ahead of the majority of today's EVs.

After spending time smashing the accelerator and cornering hard, the Model 3 Performance left us optimistic about the future of electric cars for enthusiasts and track days. At an as-tested $66,190, the Model 3 costs significantly less than other high-powered sports sedans such as the Alfa Romeo Giulia Quadrifoglio, BMW M3, and Mercedes-AMG C63. But those gas burners offer a different and more visceral, if slightly slower experience. Until Tesla or EV carmakers fill in the quiet with something—anything—we'll continue to dread the demise of the internal-combustion engine. But if the turn signals can make farting noises and the horn can make DJ air-horn sounds, we don't think we're asking for too much.

Specifications

Specifications

2019 Tesla Model 3 Dual Motor Performance

VEHICLE TYPE
front- and mid-motor, all-wheel-drive, 5-passenger, 4-door sedan

PRICE AS TESTED
$66,190 (base price: $58,190)

POWERTRAIN
F: induction AC motor, R: permanent-magnet synchronous AC motor
Combined Power (C/D est): 470 hp
Battery Pack: liquid-cooled lithium-ion, 75.0 kWh

TRANSMISSIONS
direct-drive

CHASSIS
Suspension (F/R): multilink/multilink
Brakes (F/R): 14.0-in vented disc/13.2-in vented disc
Tires: Michelin Pilot Sport 4S, 235/35R-20 92Y Extra Load T0

DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase: 113.2 in
Length: 184.8 in
Width: 72.8 in
Height: 56.8 in
Passenger volume: 97 ft3
Trunk volume: 15 ft3
Curb weight: 4072 lb

C/D TEST RESULTS
60 mph: 3.1 sec
100 mph: 8.2 sec
1/4 mile: 11.6 sec @ 115 mph
130 mph: 16.2 sec
150 mph: 27.0 sec
Results above omit 1-ft rollout of 0.3 sec.
Rolling start, 5–60 mph: 3.3 sec
Top gear, 30–50 mph: 1.1 sec
Top gear, 50–70 mph: 1.7 sec
Top speed (mfr's claim): 162 mph
Braking, 70–0 mph: 147 ft
Braking, 100–0 mph: 296 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft-dia skidpad: 0.96 g

C/D FUEL ECONOMY
75-mph highway driving: 94 MPGe
Highway range: 220 miles

EPA FUEL ECONOMY
Combined/city/highway: 116/120/112 MPGe
Range: 310 miles

C/D TESTING EXPLAINED

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Sours: https://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/a36329678/2019-tesla-model-3-performance-by-the-numbers/

As far as electric cars go, the Tesla Model 3 is one of the current best-sellers. While Tesla boasts some serious performance figures on its site, the model’s exact horsepower output is not one of them.

Thankfully, Misha Charoudin on YouTube recently took a 2021 Model 3 Performance to a dyno to see exactly how much power it develops. It seems Tesla might be a bit conservative with its stated horsepower figure in a bit of a surprising twist. However, testing it isn’t a simple task.

How much power should the Tesla Model 3 Performance have?

Tesla Model 3 on the pavement

The 2021 Tesla Model 3 is available in three trim levels. However, the one we’re looking at today is the top Performance trim. The Performance starts at a fairly expensive $55,990 without options. If you factor in all of the available options, you’ll pay around $67,990. For this, you get an EV that can hit 60 mph in 3.1 seconds and a top speed of 162 mph.

According to GuideAutoWeb, the Tesla Model 3 develops a combined output of 480 hp. 283 hp comes from the rear electric motor, while 197 hp comes from the front motor. According to Charoudin’s video, the Model 3 should produce around 450 hp from the factory. Unfortunately, Tesla does not publicly state how much horsepower this specific trim level develops, so take these figures with a grain of salt.

Regardless, even if these Tesla Model 3 estimates are accurate, the EV manages to surpass them easily.

How do you test an EV on a dyno?

An image of a white Tesla Model 3 Performance on the dyno.

RELATED: Shocking Electricity Prices in Texas Mean Charging Your Tesla Can Cost up to $900

Since the Tesla Model 3’s design has aerodynamics and efficiency as its main priorities, it takes some preparation to get it on the dyno. In Charoudin’s video, the team takes off some of the EV’s under panels first. This is so straps can hold the car in place as it does its runs on the dyno.

Since the Tesla Model 3 doesn’t need airflow to cool down an engine, the large fan that cars typically need on the dyno isn’t necessary in this case. Regardless, Charoudin opted to run the EV with and without the fan to compare results.

One of the final and most important parts of this Tesla Model 3 test is engaging a hidden dyno mode. In short, the mode turns off all safety features and any systems that could hinder performance on a dyno. Last year, the brand issued an update to remove it, however as Charoudin shows, the mode is still there, just hidden in plain sight.

During the first run without dyno mode engaged, the EV began to steer itself off the dyno. As a result, activating it is necessary to conduct a safety test.

This Tesla is making significantly more HP than expected

Once the technician strapped the Tesla Model 3 into the dyno, things got very interesting. As far as the video shows, the EV ran several runs back to back to test max power, and how it holds up over a few tests. Additionally, a 2020 model ran on this dyno previously, so we have data to compare as well.

For starters, the 2020 Model 3 developed 523 hp and 707 lb-ft to at the wheels. In contrast, the newer 2021 car developed 522 hp and 650 lb-ft. However, the most important bit of information has to do with the actual power delivery. While the 2020 car’s power output tapered off fairly quickly, the 2021 held more power over higher speeds. As a result, the 2021 car should feel quicker on the street.

In a normal internal combustion car, you lose horsepower as power leaves the flywheel and goes through the powertrain. However, on an electric vehicle, there isn’t an exact formula to calculate any losses. As a result, we don’t know exactly how Tesla measures horsepower at the factory. What we do know is that the Model 3 is seriously powerful.

Sours: https://www.motorbiscuit.com
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Tesla Model 3

Toyota YarisToyota Yaris

Rp 248,30 - 284,00TBC Juta

Overview Toyota Yaris Toyota Yaris yang mulai diproduksi sejak 17 Maret 2014 ini dipasarkan di Indonesia dan dirakit langsung di pabrik Toyota di Karawang, Jawa Barat oleh PT Toyota Astra Motor. Toyota Yaris bisa dibilang menjadi bagian dari mobil hatchback Segmen B dengan dimensinya yang kompak. Sedangkan mesinnya menggunakan model 2NR-FE 1.5L 4-silinder serta pilihan transmisi manual dan CVT. Berbicara soal pilihan mobil hatchback, tentu kita langsung tertuju pada dua model, Toyota Yaris dan Honda Jazz. Ya, keduanya memang seikonik itu, dan mendominasi pasar mobil kompak di Indonesia selama lebih dari 10 tahun. Empat tahun setelah Toyota Yaris XP150 diperkenalkan di Indonesia tahun 2014, PT. Toyota Astra Motor menghadirkan penyegaran pada hatchback jagoannya untuk tetap kompetitif melawan Honda Jazz. Berbagai ubahan signifikan didapat, mulai dari eksterior, fitur, sampai powertrain. Harga Toyota New Yaris Toyota Yaris hadir sebagai pilihan city car milik Toyota yang cukup laris di segmennya. Dimensinya kompak namun tetap memberikan ruang kabin yang lapang. Untuk mendapatkannya, harga Toyota Yaris Baru 2020 di pasar otomotif Tanah Air dimulai dari Rp259 jutaan untuk Toyota Yaris G M/T serta Rp291 jutaan bagi Toyota Yaris TRD Sportivo yang menjadi varian tertinggi dengan tampilan yang lebih sporty. Daftar Harga Toyota New Yaris Toyota Yaris  G M/T 3AB Rp 248,300,000 Toyota Yaris G M/T 7AB Rp 252,900,000 Toyota Yaris G CVT 7 AB Rp 258,200,000 Toyota Yaris G CVT 7AB Rp 262,800,000 Toyota Yaris TRD M/T 3AB Rp 268,800,000 Toyota Yaris  TRD M/T 7AB Rp 273,400,000 Toyota Yaris  TRD CVT 3AB Rp 279,500,000 Toyota Yaris  TRD CVT 7AB Rp 284,000,000 Toyota Yaris untuk pertama kalinya muncul di Indonesia pada 2006 dengan pilihan tiga varian,E, S dan S Limited. Ketiganya memakai mesin 1NZ-FE dari Toyota Vios yang lebih dulu muncul di Indonesia, dan hadir dalam pilihan transmisi otomatis 4-percepatan dan manual 5-percepatan. Tahun 2009, Toyota Yaris mendapatkan tambahan dua varian, yakni varian paling dasar J, dan S Limited  TRD Sportivo , yang hadir dengan bodykit agresif dan setting suspensi khusus yang membuat mobil lebih pendek. Tahun 2012, Yaris kembali mendapatkan facelift, namun hanya dijual sampai Oktober 2013 karena generasi XP150 akan hadir. Toyota Yaris generasi kedua (XP150) diperkenalkan ke pasar Indonesia pada Maret 2014 dan hadir dalam tiga varian, E, G, dan  TRD Sportivo . Ketiga varian masih menggunakan mesin 1NZ-FE yang hadir dalam dua varian, otomatis dan manual. Tahun 2016, Toyota Yaris XP150 mendapat update penting dengan mengganti mesin 1.500cc 1NZ-FE menjadi 2NR-FE, masih dengan kapasitas sama, namun dengan teknologi Dual VVT-i, dan transmisi otomatisnya diganti menjadi CVT 7-percepatan. Memasuki tahun 2018, Toyota Yaris XP150 mendapatkan facelift yang mengubah tampang mobil secara signifikan, dan juga penyegaran di sisi interior dan fitur. Spesifikasi Toyota Yaris Mesin  Toyota Yaris Tipe 2NR-FE 16 valve DOHC Dual VVT-i Kapasitas Mesin 1.496 cc Tenaga Maksimal  105 Hp Torsi Maksimum 140 Nm Transmisi Manual 5-percepatan & CVT 7-percepatan Sistem Penggerek Front-Wheel-Drive Akselerasi 0-100 km/jam 11,2 detik Konsumsi Bahan Bakar 13,4 - 19,6 Km/liter Dimensi Toyota Yaris P x L x T 4.145 x 1.730 x 1.500 mm Wheelbase  2.550 mm Kapasitas Bagasi 441 L Radius Putar 5,1 Meter Kaki-Kaki dan Suspensi  Toyota Yaris Suspensi Depan/Belakang Machperson Strut/Torsion Beam Rem Depan  Ventilated disc (non-TRD Sportivo) / TRD ventilated disc (TRD Sportivo only) Rem Belakang Drum brakes (non-TRD Sportivo) / TRD ventilated disc (TRD Sportivo only) Pelek 15 inch (E), 16 inch dual tone (G & TRD Sportivo Ukuran Ban 185/60 R15 atau 195/50 R16

Sours: https://www.autofun.co.id/mobil/tesla/model-3
Tesla Model 3 Long Range 2021 Refresh - POV test drive in 4K - Dual Motor 490 HP, Acceleration 0-100

Tesla

The Model 3 is Tesla’s entry-level car and now the best-selling electric vehicle on the planet. The Standard Range Plus model with rear-wheel drive offers 423 kilometres of zero-emission driving. If you select the dual-motor Long Range variant with all-wheel drive, expect to travel up to 568 kilometres on a full charge. There’s also a Model 3 Performance with a bit less range (507 kilometres) but ludicrous 0-100 km/h acceleration in 3.3 seconds.

News, reviews, videosRatingsSpecificationsUsed vehicles

Tesla Model 3

Pricing
MSRPCA$73,610 (2020)
FeesCA$1,280
Gas guzzler taxCA$0
Monthly paymentsCA$1,385/month
Powertrain
Combined power480 hp
Combined torqueN/A
EngineElectric (rear, center)
Power283 hp (211 kW)
TorqueN/A (N/A)
EngineElectric (front, center)
Power197 hp (147 kW)
TorqueN/A (N/A)
TransmissionSingle-speed
DrivetrainAWD
Hybrid / Electric
Battery typeLithium-ion (Li-ion)
Energy75.0 kWh
Voltage360 V
Charging times
  • 120V: N/A
  • 240V: 10.0 h
  • 400V: 1.0 h
CoolingLiquid
Drivetrain structureN/A
Vehicle type / Category
Vehicle typeSedan
CategoryCompact luxury car, Electric
AssemblyFremont, CA, US
Generation1
Fuel efficiency / Autonomy
City0.0 L/100km (1.9 Lₑ/100km)
Highway0.0 L/100km (2.0 Lₑ/100km)
Combined0.0 L/100km (2.0 Lₑ/100km)
Electric autonomy518 km
CO₂ emissions0 g/km
Equipment
Heated front seatsstandard
Heated rear seatsstandard
Smart keystandard
Blindspot detectionstandard
Forward collision warningstandard
Autonomous emergency brakingstandard
Lane departure warningstandard
Adaptive cruise controloptional
GPSstandard
Infotainment
Auxiliary audio inputstandard
Bluetooth audiostandard
Premium audio systemstandard
Steering / Suspension / Brakes / Tires
Steeringrack and pinion, electric assistance
Turning diameter12 m (39′)
Front suspensionindependent, short/long arm
Rear suspensionindependent, multi-link
Front brakesDisc (ABS)
Rear brakesDisc (ABS)
Front tiresP235/45WR18
Rear tiresP235/45WR18
Safety
Seat belts5
Dimensions / Weight
Length4,694 mm (185″)
Width2,088 mm (82″)
Height1,443 mm (57″)
Wheelbase2,875 mm (113″)
Front track1,580 mm (62″)
Rear track1,580 mm (62″)
Weight1,831 kg (4,037 lb)
Capacities
Passengers5
Trunk425 l (15 cu ft)
Towing capacitynot recommended
Performance
Power to weight ratio195.5 W/kg
0-100 km/h3.4 s (manufacturer)
80-120 km/hN/A
Top speed233 km/h (145 mph) (manufacturer)
Braking distanceN/A
Warranty
Base warranty4 years/80,000 km
Powertrain warranty8 years/160,000 km
The Car Guide rating
Fuel economy10/10
Reliability5/10
Safety8/10
Infotainment7/10
Driving9/10
Overall7/10
Average 81%(view ratings)
Sours: https://www.guideautoweb.com/en/makes/tesla/model-3/2021/specifications/performance-awd/

3 hp model

Range (EPA est.)

Range (EPA est.)

Dual Motor

Dual Motor

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  • Impact Protection
  • Rigid Structure
  • Very Low Rollover Risk

Safety is the most important part of the overall Model 3 design. The metal structure is a combination of aluminum and steel, for maximum strength in every area. In a roof-crush test, Model 3 resisted four times its own mass, even with an all-glass roof: that's the same weight as two full-grown African elephants.

Safety is the most important part of the overall Model 3 design. The metal structure is a combination of aluminum and steel, for maximum strength in every area. In a roof-crush test, Model 3 resisted four times its own mass, even with an all-glass roof: that's the same weight as two full-grown African elephants.

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Safety-First Design

Model 3 is built from the ground up as an electric vehicle—with ultra high-strength steel and a low, solid center of gravity.

  • 1Rigid Structure

    A material mix of aluminum and steel help to achieve the best structural rigidity, and increased occupant safety.

  • 2Impact Protection

    Combined with impact-absorbing rails and center pillar reinforcements, the strength and support of the rigid battery pack provides protection from every side.

  • 3Very Low Rollover Risk

    The position and weight of the floor-mounted battery pack provides a very low center of gravity—allowing for a very low rollover risk.

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Quickest acceleration—from zero to 60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds

0-60 mph*

Improved handling and aerodynamics allow for a top speed of 162 mph

Top Speed

Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive instantly controls traction and torque, in all weather conditions

Dual Motor

Model 3 comes with the option of dual motor all-wheel drive, 20” Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes and lowered suspension for total control, in all weather conditions. And a carbon fiber spoiler improves stability at high speeds, all allowing Model 3 to accelerate from 0-60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds.

Model 3 comes with the option of dual motor all-wheel drive, 20” Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes and lowered suspension for total control, in all weather conditions. And a carbon fiber spoiler improves stability at high speeds, all allowing Model 3 to accelerate from 0-60 mph* in as little as 3.1 seconds.

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20" Überturbine Wheels and Performance Brakes

Includes Pirelli P Zero tires, more powerful brakes and lowered suspension for enhanced handling and performance

Carbon Fiber Spoiler

Enhanced aerodynamics and improved stability at speeds up to 162 mph

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Independent motors digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels

Independent
Motors

Dual motors respond to changing conditions in as little as 10 milliseconds

Torque Response

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/ba09ef22-e9cc-4bda-a171-de1cd6f6cf6a/bvlatuR/std/0x0/weather
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/ba09ef22-e9cc-4bda-a171-de1cd6f6cf6a/bvlatuR/std/0x0/weather

Unparalleled traction and control, in all weather conditions

All-Weather
Control

Tesla All-Wheel Drive has two independent motors for improved redundancy, each with only one moving part for minimal maintenance and maximum durability. Unlike traditional all-wheel drive systems, they digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels for far better handling and traction control.

Tesla All-Wheel Drive has two independent motors for improved redundancy, each with only one moving part for minimal maintenance and maximum durability. Unlike traditional all-wheel drive systems, they digitally control torque to the front and rear wheels for far better handling and traction control.

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Go anywhere with up to 353 mi of estimated range on a single charge

Range
(EPA est.)

Recharge up to 175 mi in 15 minutes at Supercharger locations

Recharge up to
175 mi

Superchargers placed along well-traveled routes around the world

Global
Superchargers

Model 3 is fully electric, so you never need to visit a gas station again. If you charge overnight at home, you can wake up to a full battery every morning. And when you’re on the road, it’s easy to plug in along the way—at any public station or with the Tesla charging network. We currently have over 25,000 Superchargers worldwide, with six new locations opening every week.

Model 3 is fully electric, so you never need to visit a gas station again. If you charge overnight at home, you can wake up to a full battery every morning. And when you’re on the road, it’s easy to plug in along the way—at any public station or with the Tesla charging network. We currently have over 25,000 Superchargers worldwide, with six new locations opening every week.

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Rear, side and forward-facing cameras provide maximum visibility

Degrees
of Visibility

Powerful visual processing at up to 250 meters of range

of Powerful
Visual Processing

12 ultrasonic sensors icon

Ultrasonic
Sensors

12 ultrasonic sensors icon

Detects nearby cars, prevents potential collisions and assists with parking

Ultrasonic
Sensors

Autopilot's advanced safety and convenience features are designed to assist you with the most burdensome parts of driving.

Autopilot's advanced safety and convenience features are designed to assist you with the most burdensome parts of driving.

Order Now

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A touchscreen display designed to improve over time

Touchscreen
Display

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/863c27b1-9268-486c-ab6a-b807d0e7d096/bvlatuR/std/0x0/wifi
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/863c27b1-9268-486c-ab6a-b807d0e7d096/bvlatuR/std/0x0/wifi

Over-the-air software updates introduce new features, functionality and performance

Over-the-air
Software
Updates

https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/af5593f2-3cc8-40b1-8063-d3f4631276a0/bvlatuR/std/4096x1905/model-3-interior-hero-roof-badge
https://tesla-cdn.thron.com/delivery/public/image/tesla/af5593f2-3cc8-40b1-8063-d3f4631276a0/bvlatuR/std/4096x1905/model-3-interior-hero-roof-badge

An expansive Glass Roof provides more headroom and UV protection

All-Glass
Roof

The inside of Model 3 is unlike any other car. You can use your smartphone as a key, and access all driver controls in the central 15-inch touchscreen. The all-glass roof extends from front to back, creating a sense of openness from every seat.

The inside of Model 3 is unlike any other car. You can use your smartphone as a key, and access all driver controls in the central 15-inch touchscreen. The all-glass roof extends from front to back, creating a sense of openness from every seat.

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Sours: https://www.tesla.com/model3
TESLA MODEL 3 460HP TOP SPEED DRIVE ON GERMAN AUTOBAHN 🏎

Tesla Model 3

All-electric four-door compact sedan

"Model 3" redirects here. For other uses, see Model 3 (disambiguation).

Motor vehicle

Tesla Model 3
2019 Tesla Model 3 Performance AWD Front.jpg

2019 Performance AWD

ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
ProductionJuly 2017 – present
Assembly
DesignerFranz von Holzhausen[1]
ClassCompact executive car (D)
Body style4-door fastbacksedan
Layout
Related
Electric motorPermanent magnet synchronous reluctance motor
Transmission1-speed fixed gear 9:1 ratio[2]
Battery54, 62, 75 or 82 kWh (190, 220, 270 or 300 MJ) lithium ion[3][4] Discontinued: 62 and 75 kWh lithium ion
Electric range
  • 220 miles (354 km) Standard Range (not available for order online)
  • 262 miles (422 km) Standard Range Plus
  • 353 miles (568 km) Long Range AWD/Long Range Performance AWD
  • 313 miles (504 km) Long Range Performance AWD with Performance Upgrade
Wheelbase113.2 in (2,875 mm)
Length184.8 in (4,694 mm)
Width72.8 in (1,849 mm)
Height56.8 in (1,443 mm)
Curb weight
  • Standard Range RWD: 3,552 lb (1,611 kg)[5]
  • Standard Range plus RWD: 3,627 lb (1,645 kg)[5]
  • Mid Range RWD: 3,686 lb (1,672 kg)[5]
  • Long Range RWD: 3,814 lb (1,730 kg)[5][6]
  • Long-Range Dual-Motor AWD (including Performance): 4,072 lb (1,847 kg)[5]

The Model 3 is an electricfastbackmid-sizefour-door sedan developed by Tesla.[7] The Model 3 Standard Range Plus version delivers an EPA-rated all-electric range of 262 miles (422 km) and the Long Range version delivers 353 miles (568 km).[8] According to Tesla, the Model 3 carries full self-driving hardware, with periodic software updates adding functionality.[9][10][11]

Limited production of the Model 3 began in mid-2017, with the first production vehicle rolling off the assembly line on July 7, 2017.[12][13][14] The official launch and delivery of the first 30 cars took place on July 28.[15]

The Model 3 was marketed as being more affordable to more people than some other models by Tesla. Since early 2020, the Model 3 is the world's best-selling electric car in history,[16] and, in June 2021, became the first electric car to pass the 1 million global sales milestone.[17] The Model 3 has been the world's top selling plug-in electric car (PEV) for three years running, from 2018 to 2020.[18][19][20] It has also been the best-selling PEV in the United States for three consecutive years, 2018 to 2020,[21][22][23] the top selling PEV in Europe in 2019,[24] and the best-selling PEV in China in 2020.[25]

History[edit]

In an interview for Wired Science recorded during 2006, Elon Musk presented the Model 3 as likely being affordable by most people able to purchase new cars.[26] In 2008 the car was stated to be a family car.[27] In 2017 Tesla added that the Standard Range version of the all-electric car would have an estimated EPA-rated range of 215 miles (346 km), a five-passenger seating capacity, front and rear trunks, and promised sports-car levels of acceleration performance.[better source needed][28][29] Tesla said it would have a 5-Star safety rating and have a drag coefficient of Cd=0.23.[30] This is lower than the Tesla Model S drag coefficient of Cd=0.24, which, in 2014, was the lowest among the production cars of the time.[30]

Within a week of unveiling the Model 3 in 2016, Tesla revealed they had taken 325,000 reservations for the car. These reservations represented potential sales of over US$14 billion.[31][32] By August 2017, there were 455,000 net reservations.[33][34]

Industry experts were dubious when, in May 2016, Tesla announced its decision to advance its 500,000-total-unit build plan (combined for Model S, Model X, and Model 3) to 2018, two years earlier than previously planned, in order to accelerate its target for Model 3 output.[35][36][37] As predicted, there were "production bottlenecks" and "production hell". In May 2016, Tesla issued US$2 billion in new shares to the stock market to finance the plan.[38]

The company plans for the Model 3 are part of Tesla's three-step strategy to start with a high-price vehicle and move progressively towards lower-cost vehicles, while the battery and electric drivetrain were improved and paid for through the sales of the Roadster, Model S, and Model X vehicles.[39]

On April 18, 2018, Tesla updated its production target to 6,000 vehicles per week by the end of June 2018, an increase from its previous target of 5,000 vehicles per week which was previously promised at earlier dates.[40][41][42][43] On July 1, 2018, Elon Musk announced that Tesla had met its production goal of 5,000 cars in a week.[44][45][46]

On February 28, 2019, Tesla announced the availability of the lower-cost, highly anticipated, $35,000, Standard Range trim.[47] However, on April 12, 2019, Tesla announced that the Standard Range model would no longer be available for ordering online, but only over the phone or in stores. Autopilot, previously a $3000 option, was included in all versions of the Model 3 except for the Standard Range, while each version's price only increased by $2,000.[48] In February 2019, the Model 3 passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time best-selling plug-in electric car in the U.S.[49][50] Model 3 sales surpassed the Nissan Leaf in early 2020 to become the world's all-time top selling plug-in electric car.[16]

Model naming[edit]

During an interview recorded in 2006 Musk referred to "Model 2" (later Tesla Model S), and to "Model 3".[26] The Model 3 was codenamed Tesla "BlueStar" in the original business plan in 2007.[51][52][53] An intended name of "Model E" was not used owing to Ford's trademark for an electric vehicle expected to be released by Ford in early 2019.[54]Model 3, originally stylized as "Model ☰", was announced on Musk's Twitter account on July 16, 2014.[55] A 2015-presentation by JB Straubel used the name "Model III".[56] As of 2016[update] Musk had wanted the three models to spell SEX, but settled for "S3X".[57] In early 2017, after trademark opposition regarding Adidas's three stripes logo,[58] the triplicate horizontal-bar stylization was abandoned and changed to a numeric "3".[59]

Market[edit]

In September 2015, Tesla announced that the Model 3 would be unveiled in March 2016.[60] In January 2016, Musk said that the first official pictures of the car will be revealed at the end of March 2016.[61] Delivery would begin in late 2017 first on the U.S.'s west coast and then move eastwards.[62] Potential customers were first able to reserve a car at Tesla stores or online on March 31 with a refundable deposit of US$1000.[63][64] In February 2016, Tesla indicated that the unveiling would be on March 31, 2016.[65] Employees of Tesla[66][67] and SpaceX were given early access to Model 3 reservations,[68] and about 10,000 signed up without discount,[69] scheduled to receive the first batch of cars.[70][63] Current owners of Tesla vehicles got priority sales after employees but before the general public, as a reward for helping pay for the development of the Model 3.[63] (Employees and current owners were likely to be more tolerant of early production flaws:[71] both the Model S and the Model X had several problems at the start of their production,[72][63] and have since improved.)[73]

On the morning of March 31, 2016, tens of thousands of people waited in lines to place the refundable deposit to reserve a Model 3 for 2017 delivery.[74][75] During the Model 3 unveiling event, Tesla said that over 115,000 people had reserved the Model 3 in less than 24 hours prior;[76][77] more cars than Tesla had sold by that time.[31] Twenty-four hours after opening reservations, Tesla had advanced orders for over 180,000 cars.[78][79] Two days later, Tesla said they had 232,000 reservations.[31][80]

One week after the unveiling, Tesla said it had over 325,000 reservations, more than triple the number of Model S sedans sold by the end of 2015.[31][32] Musk said that 5% of reservations correspond to the maximum of two vehicles allowed per customer, "suggesting low levels of speculation",[81] and that 93% of Model 3 reservations are from new buyers who do not currently own a Tesla.[63] The previous record for advance deposits on a car was the 1955 Citroën DS that had 80,000 deposits during the ten days of the Paris Auto Show, while the Model 3 had 232,000 reservations in two days.[31]

According to Tesla's global vice-president Robin Ren, China is the second-largest market for the Model 3 after the US.[82] Tesla said the number of net reservations totaled about 373,000 as of May 15, 2016[update], after about 8,000 customer cancellations and about 4,200 reservations canceled by the automaker because these appeared to be duplicates from speculators.[83][84] Upon its release in July 2017, there had been over 500,000 reservations for the Model 3,[85] with Musk later clarifying there were a net of 455,000 reservations outstanding, and an average of 1,800 reservations were being added per day.[33][34]

Design[edit]

In 2013 design chief Franz von Holzhausen said that the Model 3 will "be an Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Mercedes-Benz C-Class type of vehicle that will offer everything: range, affordability, and performance" that is targeted toward the mass market.[1][88] While technology from Tesla's Model S will be used in the Model 3,[89] it will be 20% smaller than the Model S[90] and have its own unique design.[91]

According to Tesla's CTO, JB Straubel, in October 2015, most Tesla engineers were working on the 3 rather than S or X.[92][93] Since electric cars have lower cooling needs than combustion cars, the Model 3 does not have nor need a front grille.[94] Musk intended for the final design to be released on June 30, 2016[95] but when the design was finished on July 27, it was not publicly released.[96] After the final design of the first Model 3, any further changes would be included in future versions of the Model 3.[97] The standard glass roof developed by Tesla Glass is made of the same glass used for Tesla's roof tiles.[98]

Tesla Model 3 MY2021 refresh in China

In November 2020, the Model 3 was refreshed with cosmetic and internal changes, many carried over from the Model Y. The refreshed Model 3 replaced the chrome door handles, side mirror trim, window trim, and camera covers with a black finish. Double-paned front window glass, a powered trunk, new center console, and minor performance upgrades were added to all Model 3 trim levels. The car's engineering was updated to reflect Tesla's advances with the Model Y, including the introduction of a heat pump and proprietary octovalve that increases the car's heating and cooling efficiency.[99][100][101]

Production[edit]

As of December 2016[update], Tesla planned to increase the size of the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California, to accommodate Model 3 production.[102][103][104][needs update]

Production stages[edit]

In a 2013 interview, Jerome Guillen discussed "BlueStar" (codename for the Model 3 project), stating that Tesla was expecting to eventually produce 400,000 cars per year.[105]

In May 2016 Tesla told its suppliers that it intended to double earlier-announced[clarification needed] Model 3 production targets to 100,000 in 2017 and 400,000 in 2018 due to demand, which suppliers[106][107] and many experts viewed as unattainable.[108][109] In the Tesla Factory, paint lines for 500,000 automobiles commenced in 2015, and some stamping equipment for the Model 3 was operational by August 2016.[110] Tesla bought Grohmann Engineering, experienced in automated manufacturing, in January 2017. This acquisition launched Tesla Advanced Automation Germany, which Tesla said would develop manufacturing processes to be used initially in Model 3 production.[111] According to Tesla in late 2016, the company expected to invest between US$2 billion and US$2.5 billion in capital expenditures ahead of the start of Model 3 production.[111]

After the two Alpha prototypes were shown (silver and black; red was a shell) in April 2016, Tesla finished the design in late July 2016. Tesla ordered parts equivalent to 300 Beta prototypes in August 2016, preparing for development of the assembly line. As of August 2016, the company intended to make release candidates for testing prior to actual production.[112][113] Tesla began building Model 3 prototypes in early February 2017 as part of the testing of the vehicle design and manufacturing processes. Tesla said in late 2016 that initial crash test results had been positive.[111] Crash test results in mid-2019 were scored at 96% for protection of adults; 86% for protection of children and 74% for the way it handles "vulnerable road users" such as pedestrians. In addition, the Model 3's "safety assist" mode scored 94%.[114]

In October 2016 Tesla said its production timeline was on schedule.[115][116][117] Again in February 2017, Tesla said that vehicle development, supply chain and manufacturing are on track to support volume deliveries of the Model 3 in the second half of 2017. Limited vehicle production began in July 2017 and volume production was scheduled at that time to start by September 2017. As of February 2017, Tesla planned to ramp up production to exceed 5,000 vehicles per week in Q4 2017 and reach 10,000 vehicles per week in 2018.[111] However, Tesla missed their Q4 production target by a wide amount, as only 2,425 vehicles were produced during the entire 3-month period.[119] Five months before, Musk claimed on Twitter that Tesla would be able to produce 20,000 Model 3 per month by December 2017. Tesla's actual production numbers were therefore 93% lower than his prediction.[dubious – discuss]

Giga Nevada had been intended to produce battery packs for Model 3 and it was announced in January 2017 that Tesla would also manufacture drive units[clarification needed] at Giga Nevada.[120] In February 2017, Tesla said that installation of Model 3 manufacturing equipment was underway in the Fremont factory and at Giga Nevada, where in January, production of battery cells for energy-storage products began, which have the same form factor as the cells that will be used in Model 3.[111]

Deliveries[edit]

Tesla Model X(left) and Model 3 (right) at the unveiling event on March 31, 2016
2020 updated version of Model 3

In February 2016 Tesla expected to repeat the delivery schedule of the S and X models: selling at first the highest-optioned cars with higher margins, to help pay for production equipment.[121] However, after the lessons learned from the complicated Model X production, Tesla changed its delivery schedule in early 2017 to produce relatively simpler cars initially, in order to reduce production risk. The first mass-produced Model 3 cars were rear-wheel drive with the long-range battery.[122] Deliveries began in the second half of 2017 as predicted,[62] but not in the numbers Tesla had hoped. As industry experts had predicted, Tesla did not meet the announced delivery targets.[clarification needed][121][122] The first delivery was on July 7, 2017, to Musk himself[123] and the first 30 production units were delivered on July 28, 2017.[124]

Quarter Model 3 vehicles produced
2017 Q3[125]
2017 Q4[126]
2018 Q1[127]
2018 Q2[128][129]
2018 Q3[130][131]
2018 Q4[132][133]
2019 Q1[134]
2019 Q2[135]
2019 Q3[136]
2019 Q4[135]
Quarter Model 3/Y vehicles produced
2020 Q1[135]
2020 Q2[137]
2020 Q3[138][139]
128,044(124,100 delivered)
2020 Q4[140]
163,660(161,650 delivered)
2021 Q1[141]
180,338(182,780 delivered)
2021 Q2[142]
204,081(199,360 delivered)
2021 Q3[143]
228,882(232,025 delivered)
2017

In early July 2017 Musk forecast at least six months of serious production difficulties.[144] Tesla's announced goal at that time was to produce 1,500 units in the third quarter of 2017, increasing to 5,000 per week by end of December 2017,[145] but only 260 vehicles were manufactured during the third quarter. The company blamed production bottlenecks, but said there were "no fundamental issues with the Model 3 production or supply chain" and expressed confidence about its ability to resolve the bottlenecks in the near future.[146][147]

Tesla delivered just 1,542 Model 3 cars in the fourth quarter of 2017,[126] about 2,900 less than Wall Street estimations, which were already halved previously after Tesla published the company's third quarter report.[148] By early November 2017, Musk had postponed the target date for manufacturing 5,000 of the vehicles per week from December 2017 to March 2018.[149][41] An analyst with Cowan and Company, an investment banking firm, said in November 2017 that "Elon Musk needs to stop over-promising and under-delivering".[150] Customer deliveries totaled 1,764 units in 2017.[125][126]

2018

Prior to a planned shutdown in mid-April 2018 to further increase production, Tesla produced more than 2,000 Model 3 vehicles for three straight weeks.[127] Global deliveries passed the 100,000 unit milestone in October 2018.[151] U.S. Model 3 sales reached the 100,000 unit mark in November 2018, hitting this milestone quicker than any previous plug-in electric model sold in the country.[152]

During the first half of 2018, the Model 3 was the top-selling alternative fuel vehicle in California with 12,674 units, followed by the Toyota Prius conventional hybrid (10,043).[153] The Model 3 was the top-selling plug-in electric car in the U.S. for 12 months in a row since January 2018, ending 2018 as the best-selling plug-in with an estimated all-time record of 139,782 units delivered, the first time a plug-in car sold more than 100,000 units in one year.[154][22][155] Additionally, the Model 3 ranked as the best-selling luxury vehicle in the American market in 2018.[156] The Model 3 also topped plug-in electric car sales in California in 2018, with 51,293 units registered, as well as the state's best selling car in the near luxury category.[157][158]

The Model 3 listed as the world's best selling plug-in electric car in 2018.[19] In 2018, Elon Musk predicted that eventual global demand would likely be between 500,000 and 1 million Model 3 cars per year— ranking in between the BMW 3 Series and the Volkswagen Golf.[159]

2019
CCS Combo 2 European socket on a Model 3

Retail deliveries in Europe and China began in February 2019.[160][161] Delivery of the first right-hand drive vehicles began in June 2019, starting with the UK[162] and later in Australia and New Zealand.[163] Similarly to how the first US-made Model 3s were delivered to employees in July 2017, the first Chinese-made Model 3 cars were delivered to employees at the end of 2019.[164]

In January 2019 the Model 3 overtook the Model S to become the U.S. all-time best selling all-electric car,[165] and, the next month, also passed the Chevrolet Volt to become the all-time top selling plug-in electric car in the U.S.[49]

The Tesla Model 3 ended 2019 as the world's best selling plug-in electric car for the second consecutive year, with just over 300,000 units delivered.[19][20] The electric car also topped annual plug-in car sales in the U.S. (158,925) and California (59,514) markets for the second time in a row.[154][157][23][166] And again listed as the California's best selling car in the near luxury category in 2019.[166]

The Model 3 also ranked as the best selling plug-in car in Europe in 2019, with over 95,000 units delivered in its first year in that market, and outselling other key premium models.[24] Also set records in Norway and the Netherlands, listing in both countries not only as the top selling plug-in car but also as the best selling passenger car model in the overall market.[167][168] The sales volume achieved by the Model 3 in 2019 (15,683) is the third largest in Norwegian history, exceeded only by the Volkswagen Bobla (Beetle) in 1969 (16,706), and Volkswagen Golf in 2015 (16,388).[169] The Model 3 set a new record in the Netherlands for the highest registrations in one month (22,137) for any single plug-in vehicle in Europe.[170]

The Model 3 also was the top selling plug-in car in Canada, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan and Mexico.[171][172]

2020

Until 2019, the Nissan Leaf was the world's all-time top selling highway legal plug-in electric car, with global sales of 450,000 units by December 2019.[173] The Tesla Model 3 surpassed Leaf sales in early 2020 to become the world's best selling plug-in electric car ever.[16] Global sales since inception totaled about 814,000 units up to December 2020.[18][125][126][133][135] The Model 3, with 365,240 global deliveries, listed as the world's best selling plug-in passenger car in 2020 for the third consecutive year, from 2018 to 2020.[19][20][18]

In 2020, the Model 3 was the best-selling plug-in car in China (137,459) and the U.S. (95,135).[21][25] The Model 3 also was the most popular plug-in electric car in California in 2020 (38,580), as well as the state's best selling car in the near luxury category.[174] The Model 3 has topped both California's and the U.S. national plug-in car sales for three years in-a-row, from 2018 to 2020,[21][22][23][174]

2021

In 2021, the Model 3 became the all-time best-selling electric vehicle in the Netherlands with over 78,996 cars registered at the end of June 2021.[175] The Model 3 became the first electric car to sell over 1 million units globally in June 2021.[17]

Concerns[edit]

In May 2018 Consumer Reports found "big flaws, such as long stopping distances in our emergency braking test and difficult-to-use controls", finding the braking distance was worse than a Ford F-150 full-size truck, and branding the Model 3 "not recommended". Tesla responded to the claims with concern and, over the next weekend, released an OTA update for the anti-lock braking algorithm. Consumer Reports, impressed with the prompt OTA update, verified the improved braking performance and changed their rating to a recommended model.[176][177]

In February 2019 Consumer Reports revoked the Model 3 recommendation because "many customers have reported problems with the [car], including loose body trim and glass defects."[178] As with Model S and Model X, Model 3 production flaws were reduced over time.[179] In November 2019 Consumer Reports reinstated the Model 3 recommendation, claiming it was the fifth-most reliable of twelve compact luxury cars.[180]

During long-term testing of a Model 3 in December 2019, Car and Driver experienced a rear invertershort after 5,286 miles (8,507 km) and 3 months of ownership.[181] It was their first long-term vehicle to suffer such a major failure while parked.[182]

In 2020, due to the coronavirus outbreak, closure of the Shanghai factory at the end of January, and supply chain issues, Tesla used the 2.5 version processor instead of the 3.0 processor that Chinese users expected to find in their vehicles. This led to mass complaints. Tesla promised to upgrade the hardware free of charge once the supply chain is restored.[183]

The 2021 Tesla Model 3 vehicles built on or after April 27, 2021 had a modification made to some of its safety features such as Forward Collision Warning (FCW) and Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB), this has resulted in a lower Consumer Reports and Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) score. The feature change is a move from using Radar to Camera technology called Tesla Vision. [184]

Specifications[edit]

First production Tesla Model 3 cars ready for the delivery event on July 28, 2017

Engineering and changes[edit]

As production began in 2017, the base Model 3 was announced to have a 50-kWh battery with a range of about 220 miles (350 km) while the optional 75-kWh battery would have a range of about 310 miles (500 km).[3][185] Tesla did not produce base Model 3s in 2017 or 2018. The battery uses 2170-size lithium-ion cells.[186][187]

The 350-volt (nominal, 400v max) Model 3 battery packs are made of four longitudinal modules each containing the groups (bricks). The Standard Range version carries 2,976 cells arranged in 96 groups of 31. The Long Range version carries 4,416 cells arranged in 96 groups of 46, and weighs[188] 1,060 pounds (480 kg) in a 0.40 m³ volume; a density of 150 Wh/kg.[189][190]

Tesla continues to improve the design of the 2170 battery cell and introduces incremental improvements into the manufacturing line periodically.[191] Tesla began manufacture of the "lighter, better, cheaper"[192] 2170 cell during 2018, with a company goal of reducing the cost of assembled battery packs to US$100 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) by December 2018, and moving the new cell into volume production at Giga Nevada during the first quarter of 2019. Electrek reported in late 2018 that the improved battery cell design was needed to further reduce battery costs as Tesla was planning to begin to deliver the Model 3 Standard Range for the promised base price of US$35,000 the following year.[192][needs update]

The inverter for the Model 3 drive unit uses 24 pairs of silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFET chips rated for 650 volts[clarification needed] each.[193]

In July 2018 media reported that a Model 3 prototype was seen in California and Nevada while towing a trailer in an apparent evaluation of a tow bar.[194] In May 2019 Tesla started offering an optional tow bar rated for 2,000 pounds (910 kg) available with Standard Range Plus and Long Range for the European Model 3.[195][196][197] Towing a trailer may increase consumption by 40%.[198]

The Model 3 uses regenerative braking, which was tweaked and improved in October 2018 via a software update.[199]

In October 2019 Tesla released a software update including a 5% power upgrade and peak power optimization to owners of the Model 3, via software version 2019.36.2.1, which showed noticeable improvements in acceleration and overall speed.[200] In December 2019, Tesla offered Long Range dual-motor Model 3 owners who had software version 2019.40.2 the option to purchase a US$2000 "Acceleration Boost" software upgrade enabling a Sport driving mode,[201] advertised to reduce 0-60 mph time from 4.4s to 3.9s. Road testing confirmed better-than-expected acceleration with drivers in Sport mode reaching 0-60 mph in 3.67s from standstill and 3.47s with a 1 foot rollout.[202]

The Model 3 is mostly steel, with some aluminum.[203] The 185 cm (6.07 ft) width was chosen to fit with automated parking systems in Japan[citation needed]. Due to its smaller size, the Model 3 is expected to consume less energy than the Model Y, and thus have longer range.[204]

Traditional stability control is not made for dual-motor control or the faster response time in electric motors, and Tesla modified the control unit.[205] The motors have magnets arranged in a Halbach array.[206] The cooling system is integrated to reduce size and cost.[207]

Specifications table[edit]

Battery Standard Range Standard Range Plus Mid Range Long Range
Powertrain RWD RWD RWD RWD AWD AWD Performance
Production March 2019 – November 2020[208]March 2019 - present October 2018 – March 2019[209]March 2019 – June 2019[210]

(previously July 2017 – November 2018)

July 2018 – present
Base price (US market) US$35,400[211] (call or in-store order only) US$39,990 (Autopilot Included)[5](was US$40,000[5]) (was US$46,500[5]) (call or in-store order only) US$49,990 (Autopilot Included)[5]US$56,990 (Autopilot Included)[5]
Range EPA:
220 miles (354 km)[5]


WLTP:
381 km
237 mi


NEDC:
429 km
267 mi

EPA:
263 miles (423 km)[8]


WLTP:
448 km
278 mi


NEDC:

508 km
316 mi
[212]

EPA:
264 miles (425 km) combined
270 miles (430 km) city
248 miles (399 km) highway

WLTP:
457 km
284 mi
NEDC:
514 km
319 mi

EPA:
325 miles (523 km) combined
332 miles (534 km) city
318 miles (512 km) highway

WLTP:
580 km
360 mi
NEDC:
675 km
419 mi

EPA:
353 miles (568 km) combined
319 miles (513 km) city
296 miles (476 km) highway

WLTP:
560 km
348 mi

(-2020) [213]


614 km
382 mi

(2021-)
[212]

EPA:
315 miles (507 km) combined
319 miles (513 km) city
296 miles (476 km) highway

WLTP:
567 km
352 mi


NEDC:

628 km
390 mi

[212]

Efficiency 26 kWh/100 miles (16 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
131 miles (211 km) combined
138 miles (222 km) city
124 miles (200 km) highway

24 kWh/100 miles (15 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
141 miles (227 km) combined
148 miles (238 km) city
132 miles (212 km) highway

27 kWh/100 miles (17 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
123 miles (198 km) combined
128 miles (206 km) city
117 miles (188 km) highway

26 kWh/100 miles (16 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
130 miles (209 km) combined
136 miles (219 km) city
123 miles (198 km) highway

29 kWh/100 miles (18 kWh/100 km)

MPGe:
116 miles (187 km) combined
120 miles (193 km) city
112 miles (180 km) highway

Battery capacity 54 kWh (190 MJ)[214]62 kWh (220 MJ)[215]2020 and earlier: 75 kWh (270 MJ)[216][187][6][217]
2021: 82 kWh (300 MJ)[4]
DC charging 130 miles (209 km) range available after 30 minutes[218]up to 170 kW (V3 Supercharger)[219]up to 200 kW (V3 Supercharger)[219]up to 75 mi (121 km) in 5 minutes[220] and 180 mi (290 km) in 15 minutes[221] (250 kW V3 Supercharger)
AC charging 29.5 miles (47.5 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]32 miles (51 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]28.4 miles (45.7 km) range per hour (240 V 32 A)[222]44.3 miles (71.3 km) range per hour (240 V 48 A)[222]39.7 miles (63.9 km) range per hour (240 V 48 A)[222][223]
Full AC charge time (10% -> 90%) 6 hours 6.25 hours 7.5 hours 6 hours 6.5 hours
Powertrain Single-motor rear-wheel drive[5][224][225]Dual-motor all-wheel drive[5]
Motor Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) synchronous machine[226][227][228]Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) synchronous rear & induction motor front[226][227][228]
Curb Weight 3,552 lb (1,611 kg)[5]3,627 lb (1,645 kg)[5]3,686 lb (1,672 kg)[5]3,805 lb (1,726 kg)[5]4,072 lb (1,847 kg)[5]
Power (peak) 211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]211 kW (283 hp)[229]258 kW (346 hp)[230]340 kW (450 hp)[231]
Power-to-weight 131 W/kg (12.6 lb/hp) 128 W/kg (12.8 lb/hp) 126 W/kg (13.0 lb/hp) 122 W/kg (13.4 lb/hp) 166 W/kg (9.9 lb/hp) 191 W/kg (8.6 lb/hp)
Torque (peak) 450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)[229]510 N⋅m (376 lb⋅ft)[230]639 N⋅m (471 lb⋅ft)[231]
Acceleration 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.3 seconds advertised[5]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.3 seconds advertised[5]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
5.6 seconds advertised

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.2 seconds advertised[5] (4.9 seconds tested)[232]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

5.0 seconds advertised[5]

(4.6 seconds tested)[233]

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

4.2 seconds advertised[5]

(4.0 seconds tested)[230]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
4.4 seconds advertised

Optional Sport Mode:

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

3.9 seconds advertised

(3.7 seconds tested)[202]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)

4.0 seconds advertised

0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)

3.1 seconds advertised[5]

(3.0 seconds tested)[234]

0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
3.3 seconds advertised

Quarter Mile TBD 13.5 sec @ 104.9 mph TBD 13.6 sec @ 101.9 mph 12.5 sec @ 113.1 mph

Optional Sport Mode:

11.9 sec @ 116.2 mph[235]

11.5 sec @ 116.5 mph[236]
Top speed 130 mph (209 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[5]140 mph (225 km/h)[237]145 mph (233 km/h)[238]162 mph (261 km/h)[238]
Wheels 18-inch (457 mm) diameter 8.5-inch (216 mm) width 21.3 lb (9.7 kg), aero wheel covers 2 lb (0.91 kg), 235/45R18 tires 20-inch (508 mm) 8.5-inch (220 mm) 235/35R20
Roof Tinted glass roof with ultraviolet and infrared protection, with mounting points for a roof rack (sold separately).[239][240] A single pane of glass extends from the center of the roof to the trunk.[224]
Autonomous capability Autopilot including TACC, autosteer, lane-keeping, lane-changing, active-safety autonomy.[224][241] (All vehicles include all hardware needed for "Full Self-Driving", including 1 radar, 8 cameras, 12 sonar, and AI computer.)
Luggage Rear 12 cu ft (340 L) and front 3 cu ft (85 L) trunks with 15 cu ft (425 L) (542 L EU specs) total volume[224][5][242][243][244]
Rear seat 60/40-split-folding rear seat[245][246]
Display Single center-mounted WUXGA 15.4-inch (39 cm) LCD touchscreen in landscape orientation that combines the instrument cluster and infotainment[5][247][248][249]
Entry Keyless NFC keycard and Bluetooth Low Energy smartphone connection for vehicle access;[250][251] optional key fob.
Performance Upgrade package Not available Performance brakes, 20" wheels, carbon fiber spoiler, aluminum pedals, 162 mph (261 km/h) max speed, Track Mode software.
Options
Wheels 19-inch (480 mm) diameter 8.5-inch (220 mm) width 29.5 lb (13.4 kg), 235/40R19 tires Not available
Paint Pearl White Multi-Coat, Solid Black, Midnight Silver Metallic, Deep Blue Metallic, Red Multi-Coat (discontinued: Silver Metallic & Obsidian Black Metallic[252][253])
Interior Black Black or White
Standard Interior package Standard package: tinted glass roof with ultraviolet and infrared protection; heated front seats; auto dimming, power folding, heated side mirrors; music and media over Bluetooth; custom driver profiles; basic audio; standard maps and navigation; center console with storage and 4 USB ports Not available
Partial Premium Interior package Upgradeable if delivered with software locked interior[254]Standard package plus: 12-way power adjustable heated front seats; upgraded audio – immersive sound; docking for 2 smartphones Not available
Premium Interior package Not available Partial Premium Interior package plus: rear heated seats; premium audio – 14 speakers, 1 subwoofer, 2 amps, and immersive sound; LED fog lamps; satellite-view maps with live traffic visualization and navigation; In-car internet streaming music & media; internet browser. Location-aware automatic garage door opener can be added for $300.[255]
Driver assistance "Full Self-Driving" including Navigate on Autopilot, Autopark, Summon, etc. Since all vehicles include all sensor hardware, optional Full Self Driving capabilities can be enabled later if not ordered at time of vehicle purchase.
Safety Airbags including front driver/passenger, knee airbag driver/passenger, torso for front passengers, and curtain airbags front/rear

Safety[edit]

Following crash testing in 2019, the Model 3 performed very well, receiving five stars in every category from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration[256][257] and a 94% Euro NCAP score in active safety.[258][259]

Reception[edit]

Tesla Model 3s in colors Silver Metallic (left) and Midnight Silver (right)
  • Car-design columnist and former car designer for GMRobert Cumberford said the Model 3 "is an excellent design" and praised the front fascia skin that he thinks is superior to the black plastic simulated grille of the pre-refresh Model S.[266][267] Cumberford praised the Model 3's minimalist design, and "elegant simplicity" akin to Apple products.[268] Although he criticized the car's spoiler, he said the Model 3 has a design that would age well, and "in 10 years it will still look contemporary and beautifully understated, not old and irrelevant."[268]
  • Motor Trend said the nose was controversial and polarizing, but probably intentionally so.[269]Vanity Fair and others compared the Model 3 to the Ford Model T for its intended affordability as a volume-produced electric vehicle[270][271][272][273] and for its limited set of options, namely range, wheels and exterior color of which all but white costs extra.[274] Automotive journalist Doug DeMuro said the Model 3 was better, though $2,000 more expensive, than the BMW 340i and that it was the "coolest car of the year," later clarifying that this was based on the "long waiting lists, obsessive interest and news stories."[275]Alex Roy said that DeMuro's review had concentrated on hardware details and missed out on the bigger picture.[273]
  • Automotive-industry analyst Toni Sacconaghi of AllianceBernstein said after driving one of the early Tesla vehicles in November 2017 that "Overall, we found the Model 3 to be a compelling offering, and believe it is likely to further galvanize the overall Electric Vehicle category." He was less impressed with build quality of the test samples. "Fit and finish on the two demo cars we saw—perhaps not surprisingly—was relatively poor." He said that there were quality issues at first with the Model X which led to some concern. "This is going to be a much, much higher-volume car, and if there are any quality issues, that could overwhelm the service centers and undermine the Tesla brand." Nonetheless, Sacconaghi was impressed with the ride quality, performance and interior space, and concluded that the 3 "risks cannibalizing the [much more expensive] Model S going forward."[276]
  • Road & Track's Bob Sorokanich said the "Model 3 proves that Tesla is thinking far beyond the edges of the Model S and X. Stepping out of the 3, you realize that, as far as the S and X pushed the envelope, they were always meant as intermediaries, stepping stones designed to draw people away from comfortable convention and into the future of the automobile. ... The Model 3 is Tesla at its most unabashed. It's an automaker finally willing to abandon the skeuomorphism of a false radiator grille, the tradition of a driver-oriented gauge panel."[277]
  • In 2018, a Model 3 was driven 606.2 miles (975 km) on a single charge, setting a hypermiling driving record.[278]
  • In early 2019, Kelley Blue Book announced that the Tesla Model 3 was the winner of the "Best Resale Value Award" for all automobiles in the US market "with a projected 69.3% resale value after 36 months and 48.7% after 60 months."[279]

Awards[edit]

  • Popular Mechanics named the Tesla Model 3 as the magazine's 2018 Car of the Year.[280] Model 3 was given the 2018 Design of the Year award by Automobile magazine.[268]
  • In the United Kingdom, the Model 3 was named 2019 Car of the Year by Auto Express magazine,[281] and 2020 Car of the Year by Parkers magazine, where it was also named "Best Electric Car" and "Best Company Car", and won the "Best Safety" award for any vehicle on the market.[282]
  • The Model 3 won best mid-size car in the 2019 Das Goldene Lenkrad Golden Steering Wheel awards.[283]
  • The Model 3 was named the top-rated electric car of 2019 by Edmunds.com, as well as being named Edmunds' top-rated Luxury Electric Vehicle for 2020.[284][285]
  • In late 2019, the Model 3 was also named a Top Safety Pick+ by the IIHS.[286] The Model 3 also won Car of the Year in Denmark, Car of the Year 2020 in Norway, and Swiss Car of the Year 2020.[287]
  • The Model 3 was named as UK Car of the Year 2020 by a panel of 29 motoring journalists. The director of the awards stated that the car's "technology, performance and range" were converting opinions in favour of electric vehicles.[288]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abCumberford, Robert (January 17, 2018). "The Man Behind the Model 3: Franz von Holzhausen". Automobile. Archived from the original on January 19, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  2. ^Woodard, Collin (November 28, 2017). "Tesla Model 3 Owner's Manual Secrets Revealed on Reddit". Automobile. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019.
  3. ^ ab"Tesla Model 3 battery packs have capacities of ~50 kWh and ~75 kWh, says Elon Musk". Electrek. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2017.
  4. ^ abLambert, Fred (November 10, 2020). "Tesla confirms new 82 kWh battery pack in Model 3, thanks to new cells". Electrek. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  5. ^ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzaaabac"Model 3". US: Tesla. 2018. Archived from the original on June 30, 2018. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  6. ^ abHTSLV00.0L13-004(PDF) (Report). United States Environmental Protection Agency. July 5, 2017. pp. 1–12. Archived from the original(Certification Summary Information Report) on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  7. ^Grant, Alex (November 7, 2017). "Tesla Model 3 production still far behind global demand". EV Fleet World. UK. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
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  9. ^Siddiqui, Faiz (July 17, 2019). "Tesla floats fully self-driving cars as soon as this year". Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 8, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
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  12. ^Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (July 2, 2017). "Model 3 passed all regulatory requirements for production two weeks ahead of schedule. Expecting to complete SN1 on Friday" (Tweet). Retrieved July 4, 2017 – via Twitter.
  13. ^Hawkins, Andrew (July 7, 2017). "Everything you need to know about Tesla Model 3, which is starting production today". The Verge. US. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. Retrieved July 7, 2017.
  14. ^Lambert, Fred (July 8, 2017). "Tesla Model 3 – Elon Musk confirms first production unit built". Electrek. Archived from the original on July 9, 2017. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  15. ^Akerstedt, Ida (July 4, 2017). "Tesla Model 3 release date 2017 – When is Tesla Model 3 coming out in the UK?". Daily Express. Archived from the original on July 4, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  16. ^ abcHolland, Maximilian (March 10, 2020). "Tesla Passes 1 Million EV Milestone & Model 3 Becomes All Time Best Seller". CleanTechnica. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  17. ^ abShahan, Zachary (August 26, 2021). "Tesla Model 3 Has Passed 1 Million Sales". CleanTechnica. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  18. ^ abcdJose, Pontes (February 2, 2021). "Global Top 20 - December 2020". EVSales.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2021. Retrieved February 3, 2021. "Global sales totaled 3,124,793 plug-in passenger cars in 2020, with a BEV to PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a global market share of 4%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3 with 365,240 units delivered, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2019 with 499,535 units, followed by VW with 220,220."
  19. ^ abcdeJose, Pontes (January 31, 2019). "Global Top 20 - December 2018". EVSales.com. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019. "Global sales totaled 2,018,247 plug-in passenger cars in 2018, with a BEV:PHEV ratio of 69:31, and a market share of 2.1%. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2018, followed by BYD."
  20. ^ abcdJose, Pontes (January 31, 2020). "Global Top 20 - December 2019". EVSales.com. Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020. "Global sales totaled 2,209,831 plug-in passenger cars in 2019. The world's top selling plug-in car was the Tesla Model 3 with 300,075 units delivered, and Tesla was the top selling manufacturer of plug-in passenger cars in 2019 with 367,820 units, followed by BYD with 229,506."
  21. ^ abcMoore, C.J. (February 14, 2021). "Tesla's commanding lead in U.S. EVs illustrated by registration report". Automotive News. Retrieved February 14, 2021.According to Experian, in 2020 the top U.S. EVs by registrations were the Tesla Model 3 (95,135), Tesla Model Y (71,344), Chevrolet Bolt EV (19,664), the Tesla Model X (19,652), Tesla Model S (14,430) and the Nissan Leaf (8,972). All four Tesla models accounted for 200,561 registrations, up 16% from 2019.
  22. ^ abcLoveday, Steven (January 7, 2019). "December 2018 U.S. EV Sales Recap: Over 360K Secured!". Inside EVs. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  23. ^ abcLoveday, Steven (January 17, 2020). "FINAL UPDATE: Quarterly Plug-In EV Sales Scorecard". InsideEVs.com. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2020.See Chart: "2019 Monthly/Q4 Sales Chart : Annual" - The top selling models were the Tesla Model 3 with 158,925 units, the Toyota Prius Prime with 23,630, the Tesla Model X with 19,225, the Chevrolet Bolt EV with 16,418 and the Tesla Model S with 14,100 units.
  24. ^ abGauthier, Michael (February 19, 2020). "European Car Sales Climbed To 15.7 Million Units Last Year, Tesla Model 3 Is The EV Champion". Carscoops. Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved May 16, 2020.Sales of the Tesla Model 3 in Europe totaled 94,495 units in 2019 (Europe 23) and topped sales in the region in the EV segment.
  25. ^ ab"Domestic EV makers rival Tesla in China, can they win?". SDchina.com. February 5, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.See table: Top 10 NEV sold in China in 2020.
  26. ^ abMusk, Elon (January 7, 2007). "Interview with Elon Musk". Wired Science (Interview). Archived from the original on December 27, 2020. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  27. ^LaMonica, Martin (September 24, 2008). "Tesla's 'Bluestar' to be all-electric family car". CNET. Archived from the original on September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  28. ^"Tesla publishes Model 3 vs. Model S specifications in employee-only handout" (Press release). Tesla. 2017. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2017 – via Teslarati Forum.
  29. ^"Is this a Tesla Model 3 Performance version spied testing at the Fremont factory?". www.teslarati.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  30. ^ ab"Press Kit" (Press release). US: Tesla. Archived from the original on March 15, 2018
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tesla_Model_3

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