Old metal vacuum

Old metal vacuum DEFAULT
Filtrex Metal Vacuum Outlet
Converted Filtex Vacuum Outlet

Old Metal Filtex Inlet Step 1

Here is the Filtex Valve we are going to convert to a standard basic low voltage valve. The home had six valves to replace and the family had bought the Stealth Attachment Kit with the 8-foot corded hose.

You can see from the above left photo that the former carpet brush had no beater brush on it. Now, with the Stealth, this carpet is cleaner than it ever was!

Notice the Filtex valve wording may look like Fietex or Filtec.

Button Pop Out Fitlex Inlet Step 2

Open the metal Filtex valve. Notice the pop-out button that causes the vacuum to turn on when the valve door is opened.

 Step 3

Pull the valve cover out from the wall. This is the most difficult step but we had no problem removing all six from home; and it got easier with each one.

Here are some tips:
Put your fingers in the neck of the valve.
Wiggle while you pull the top and bottom in and out. Don't try to spin it or wiggle it left to right, side to side, because the low voltage connection will not allow you to.
Once you can get your finger tips under the plate, pull straight out with some force and a little up and down wiggle.

Pull the low voltage wire out about six inches.

 Step 4

Disconnect the low voltage wire from the valve. If you think you need to restrip it go ahead. We restriped only a few of ours.

 Step 5

Connect the low voltage wire to the new inlet valve. You must use Full Face Basic Valves because they will cover the bolts.

Notice how the wires are connected and are up against the valve in a certain direction. This will make a flush mounting.

Wires can go on either screw through-out the home.

 Step 6

Put the new valve into the mounting plate. On this job it was a perfect fit around the plates gasket. If your retrofit feels loose, add a round and a half of black electrical tape tightly around the neck of the valve. If you want to run a "do I need tape" test before bolting the valve in, simply turn the vacuum power unit on, close the lid and listen for a major air leak at the valve. No leak - no tape needed.

It is important that you buy new bolts. The old ones heads are too tall and will not allow the new valve lid to close tightly. We bought one and a quarter inch long by 1/4 inch wide flat head tapered bolts. They worked perfectly.

On a few of the mounting plates we had to move the clip that the bolts screw into further apart from each other. (I think the new valve bolt holes are a little further apart than the old ones were.)

You'll need to screw the 1/4 inch wide bolt into the new plastic valve because the hole was molded for a slightly smaller bolt.

Tighten the bolts down but do not over tighten or the valve will bend and the lid will not seat properly or close straight.


Close the new valve lid to see if it closes flush. Open and close it a couple of times to see if any adjustments need to be made.


Good job and enjoy the new set-up! This family just loved the new valves and convenience of being able to turn the suction on and off at their fingertips. Not to mention the incredible amount of dirt the Stealth power brush cleaned from the carpet. The family also noticed how light weight, crush proof, and easy to use the new hose was. (At all six vacuum inlets there was an electrical outlet within 8-feet to plug the cord into.)

 Another upgrade.

The family who upgraded their inlets also removed their old Filtex central vacuum from their garage and replaced it with MD's SilentMaster. They loved how quiet it was and how much cleaner the exhaust was. The unit was more powerful than the Filtex and it was easy to install into their taped up old piping.

Sours: https://builtinvacuum.com/filtexvideo/

Vacuum cleaner

Device that sucks up dust and dirt from floors

Canister vacuum cleaner for home use

A vacuum cleaner, also known simply as a vacuum or a hoover, is a device that causes suction in order to remove debris from floors, upholstery, draperies, and other surfaces. It is generally electrically driven.

The debris is collected by either a dustbag or a cyclone for later disposal. Vacuum cleaners, which are used in homes as well as in industry, exist in a variety of sizes and models—small battery-powered hand-held devices, wheeled canister models for home use, domestic central vacuum cleaners, huge stationary industrial appliances that can handle several hundred litres of dust before being emptied, and self-propelled vacuum trucks for recovery of large spills or removal of contaminated soil. Specialized shop vacuums can be used to suck up both dust and liquids.


Although vacuum cleaner and the short form vacuum are neutral names, in some countries (UK, Ireland, USA) hoover is used instead as a genericized trademark, and as a verb. The name comes from the Hoover Company, one of the first and more influential companies in the development of the device. In New Zealand, particularly the Southland region, it is sometimes called a lux, likewise a genericized trademark and used as a verb.[1][2] The device is also sometimes called a sweeper although the same term also refers to a carpet sweeper, a similar invention.


An early hand-pumped vacuum cleaner

The vacuum cleaner evolved from the carpet sweeper via manual vacuum cleaners. The first manual models, using bellows, were developed in the 1860s, and the first motorized designs appeared at the turn of the 20th century, with the first decade being the boom decade.

Manual vacuums

Main article: Manual vacuum cleaner

Patent model of Daniel Hess's carpet sweeper

In 1860 a manual vacuum cleaner was invented by Daniel Hess of West Union, Iowa. Called a 'carpet sweeper', It gathered dust with a rotating brush and had a bellows for generating suction.[3][4] Another early model (1869) was the "Whirlwind", invented in Chicago in 1868 by Ives W. McGaffey. The bulky device worked with a belt driven fan cranked by hand that made it awkward to operate, although it was commercially marketed with mixed success. [5] A similar model was constructed by Melville R. Bissell of Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1876, who also manufactured carpet sweepers.[6] The company later added portable vacuum cleaners to its line of cleaning tools.

Powered vacuum cleaners

Further information: Hubert Cecil Booth § Vacuum cleaner, and David T. Kenney

The end of the 19th century saw the introduction of powered cleaners, although early types used some variation of blowing air to clean instead of suction.[7] One appeared in 1898 when John S. Thurman of St. Louis, Missouri submitted a patent (U.S. No. 634,042) for a "pneumatic carpet renovator" which blew dust into a receptacle.[8] Thurman's system, powered by an internal combustion engine, traveled to the customers residence on a horse-drawn wagon as part of a door to door cleaning service. Corrine Dufour of Savannah, Georgia received two patents in 1899 and 1900 for another blown air system that seems to have featured the first use of an electric motor.[7]

In 1901 powered vacuum cleaners using suction were invented independently by British engineer Hubert Cecil Booth and American inventor David T. Kenney.[9][8] Booth also may have coined the word "vacuum cleaner".[9] Booth's horse drawn combustion engine powered "Puffing Billy",[10] maybe derived from Thurman's blown air design,"[11] relied upon just suction with air pumped through a cloth filter and was offered as part of his cleaning services. Kenney's was a stationary 4,000 lb. steam engine powered system with pipes and hoses reaching into all parts of the building.

Domestic vacuum cleaner

A hand-powered pneumatic vacuum cleaner, circa 1910. An early electric-powered model is also shown

The first vacuum-cleaning device to be portable and marketed at the domestic market was built in 1905 by Walter Griffiths, a manufacturer in Birmingham, England.[12] His Griffith's Improved Vacuum Apparatus for Removing Dust from Carpets resembled modern-day cleaners; – it was portable, easy to store, and powered by "any one person (such as the ordinary domestic servant)", who would have the task of compressing a bellows-like contraption to suck up dust through a removable, flexible pipe, to which a variety of shaped nozzles could be attached.

Early electric vacuum cleaner by Electric Suction Sweeper Company, circa 1908

In 1906 James B. Kirby developed his first of many vacuums called the "Domestic Cyclone". It used water for dirt separation. Later revisions came to be known as the Kirby Vacuum Cleaner. In 1907 department store janitor James Murray Spangler (1848–1915) of Canton, Ohio invented the first portable electric vacuum cleaner,[13] obtaining a patent for the Electric Suction Sweeper on 2 June 1908. Crucially, in addition to suction from an electric fan that blew the dirt and dust into a soap box and one of his wife's pillow cases, Spangler's design utilized a rotating brush to loosen debris.[14] Unable to produce the design himself due to lack of funding, he sold the patent in 1908 to local leather goods manufacturer William Henry Hoover (1849–1932), who had Spangler's machine redesigned with a steel casing, casters, and attachments, founding the company that in 1922 was renamed the Hoover Company. Their first vacuum was the 1908 Model O, which sold for $60. Subsequent innovations included the beater bar in 1919 ("It beats as it sweeps as it cleans"),[15] disposal filter bags in the 1920s, and an upright vacuum cleaner in 1926.

In Continental Europe, the Fisker and Nielsen company in Denmark was the first to sell vacuum cleaners in 1910. The design weighed just 17.5 kg (39 lb) and could be operated by a single person. The Swedish company Electrolux launched their Model V in 1921 with the innovation of being able to lie on the floor on two thin metal runners.[16] In the 1930s the Germany company Vorwerk started marketing vacuum cleaners of their own design which they sold through direct sales.

Post-Second World War

For many years after their introduction, vacuum cleaners remained a luxury item, but after the Second World War, they became common among the middle classes. Vacuums tend to be more common in Western countries because in most other parts of the world, wall-to-wall carpeting is uncommon and homes have tile or hardwood floors, which are easily swept, wiped or mopped manually without power assist.

The last decades of the 20th century saw the more widespread use of technologies developed earlier, including filterless cyclonic dirt separation, central vacuum systems and rechargeable hand-held vacuums. In addition, miniaturized computer technology and improved batteries allowed the development of a new type of machine – the autonomous robotic vacuum cleaner. In 1997 Electrolux of Sweden demonstrated the Electrolux Trilobite, the first autonomous cordless robotic vacuum cleaner on the BBC-TV program Tomorrow's World, introducing it to the consumer market in 2001.[17]

Recent developments

In 2004 a British company released Airider, a hovering vacuum cleaner that floats on a cushion of air, similar to a hovercraft. It has claimed to be light-weight and easier to maneuver (compared to using wheels), although it is not the first vacuum cleaner to do this – the Hoover Constellation predated it by at least 35 years.

A British inventor has developed a new cleaning technology known as Air Recycling Technology, which, instead of using a vacuum, uses an air stream to collect dust from the carpet.[18] This technology was tested by the Market Transformation Programme (MTP) and shown to be more energy-efficient than the vacuum method.[19] Although working prototypes exist, Air Recycling Technology is not currently used in any production cleaner.

Modern configurations

A wide variety of technologies, designs, and configurations are available for both domestic and commercial cleaning jobs.[citation needed]


Upright vacuum cleaners are popular in the United States, Britain and numerous Commonwealth countries, but unusual in some Continental European countries.[citation needed] They take the form of a cleaning head, onto which a handle and bag are attached. Upright designs generally employ a rotating brushroll or beater bar, which removes dirt through a combination of sweeping and vibration. There are two types of upright vacuums; dirty-air/direct fan (found mostly on commercial vacuums), or clean-air/fan-bypass (found on most of today's domestic vacuums).

The older of the two designs, direct-fan cleaners have a large impeller (fan) mounted close to the suction opening, through which the dirt passes directly, before being blown into a bag. The motor is often cooled by a separate cooling fan. Because of their large-bladed fans, and comparatively short airpaths, direct-fan cleaners create a very efficient airflow from a low amount of power, and make effective carpet cleaners. Their "above-floor" cleaning power is less efficient, since the airflow is lost when it passes through a long hose, and the fan has been optimized for airflow volume and not suction.

Fan-bypass uprights have their motor mounted after the filter bag. Dust is removed from the airstream by the bag, and usually a filter, before it passes through the fan. The fans are smaller, and are usually a combination of several moving and stationary turbines working in sequence to boost power. The motor is cooled by the airstream passing through it. Fan-bypass vacuums are good for both carpet and above-floor cleaning, since their suction does not significantly diminish over the distance of a hose, as it does in direct-fan cleaners. However, their air-paths are much less efficient, and can require more than twice as much power as direct-fan cleaners to achieve the same results.

The most common upright vacuum cleaners use a drive-belt powered by the suction motor to rotate the brush-roll. However, a more common design of dual motor upright is available. In these cleaners, the suction is provided via a large motor, while the brushroll is powered by a separate, smaller motor, which does not create any suction. The brush-roll motor can sometimes be switched off, so hard floors can be cleaned without the brush-roll scattering the dirt. It may also have an automatic cut-off feature which shuts the motor off if the brush-roll becomes jammed, protecting it from damage.


Canister models (in the UK also often called cylinder models) dominate the European market. They have the motor and dust collector (using a bag or bagless) in a separate unit, usually mounted on wheels, which is connected to the vacuum head by a flexible hose. Their main advantage is flexibility, as the user can attach different heads for different tasks, and maneuverability (the head can reach under furniture and makes it very easy to vacuum stairs and vertical surfaces). Many cylinder models have power heads as standard or add-on equipment containing the same sort of mechanical beaters as in upright units, making them as efficient on carpets as upright models. Such beaters are driven by a separate electric motor or a turbine which uses the suction power to spin the brushroll via a drive belt.


Wet/dry vacuum for home use

Drum or shop vac models are essentially heavy-duty industrial versions of cylinder vacuum cleaners, where the canister consists of a large vertically positioned drum which can be stationary or on wheels. Smaller versions, for use in garages or small workshops, are usually electrically powered. Larger models, which can store over 200 litres (44 imp gal; 53 US gal), are often hooked up to compressed air, utilizing the Venturi effect to produce a partial vacuum. Built-in dust collection systems are also used in many workshops.


"Shop Vac" redirects here. For the Jonathan Coulton song, see Thing a Week.

Wet or wet/dry vacuum cleaners are a specialized form of the cylinder/drum models that can be used to clean up wet or liquid spills. They are generally designed to be used both indoors and outdoors and to accommodate both wet and dry debris; some are also equipped with an exhaust port or detachable blower for reversing the airflow, a useful function for everything from clearing a clogged hose to blowing dust into a corner for easy collection.


Pneumatic or pneumatic wet/dry vacuum cleaners are a specialized form of wet/dry models that hook up to compressed air. They commonly can accommodate both wet and dry soilage, a useful feature in industrial plants and manufacturing facilities.


Backpack vacuum cleaners are commonly used for commercial cleaning: they allow the user to move rapidly about a large area. They are essentially small canister vacuums strapped onto the user's back.


USB-powered hand-held vacuum cleaner (promotional giveaway).

Lightweight hand-held vacuum cleaners, either powered from rechargeable batteries or mains power, are also popular for cleaning up smaller spills. Frequently seen examples include the Black & Decker DustBuster, which was introduced in 1979, and numerous handheld models by Dirt Devil, which were first introduced in 1984. Some battery-powered handheld vacuums are wet/dry rated; the appliance must be partially disassembled and cleaned after picking up wet materials to avoid developing unpleasant odors.


In the late 1990s and early 2000s, several companies developed robotic vacuum cleaners, a form of carpet sweeper usually equipped with limited suction power. Some prominent brands are Roomba, Neato, and bObsweep. These machines move autonomously while collecting surface dust and debris into a dustbin. They can usually navigate around furniture and come back to a docking station to charge their batteries, and a few are able to empty their dust containers into the dock as well. Most models are equipped with motorized brushes and a vacuum motor to collect dust and debris. While most robotic vacuum cleaners are designed for home use, some models are appropriate for operation in offices, hotels, hospitals, etc.

In December 2009, Neato Robotics launched the world's first robotic vacuum cleaner which uses a rotating laser-based range-finder (a form of lidar) to scan and map its surrounding. It uses this map to clean the floor methodically, even if it requires the robot to return to its base multiple times to recharge itself. In many cases it will notice when an area of the floor that was previously inaccessible becomes reachable, such as when a dog wakes up from a nap, and return to vacuum that area. It also has the strongest impeller among robotic vacuum cleaners, pulling in 35 CFM (1 m3/min) of air.[21]


A DysonDC07 upright cyclonic vacuum cleaner using centrifugal forceto separate dust and particles from the air flowing through the cylindrical collection vessel

Portable vacuum cleaners working on the cyclonic separation principle became popular in the 1990s. This dirt separation principle was well known and often used in central vacuum systems. Cleveland's P.A. Geier Company had obtained a patent on a cyclonic vacuum cleaner as early as 1928, which was later sold to Health-Mor in 1939, introducing the Filter Queen cyclonic canister vacuum cleaner.[22]

In 1979, James Dyson introduced a portable unit with cyclonic separation, adapting this design from industrial saw mills.[23] He launched his cyclone cleaner first in Japan in the 1980s at a cost of about US$1800 and in 1993 released the Dyson DC01 upright in the UK for £200. Critics expected that people would not buy a vacuum cleaner at twice the price of a conventional unit, but the Dyson design later became the most popular cleaner in the UK.[24][25]

Cyclonic cleaners do not use filtration bags. Instead, the dust is separated in a detachable cylindrical collection vessel or bin. Air and dust are sucked at high speed into the collection vessel at a direction tangential to the vessel wall, creating a fast-spinning vortex. The dust particles and other debris move to the outside of the vessel by centrifugal force, where they fall due to gravity.

In fixed-installation central vacuum cleaners, the cleaned air may be exhausted directly outside without need for further filtration. A well-designed cyclonic filtration system loses suction power due to airflow restriction only when the collection vessel is almost full. This is in marked contrast to filter bag systems, which lose suction when pores in the filter become clogged as dirt and dust are collected.

In portable cyclonic models, the cleaned air from the center of the vortex is expelled from the machine after passing through a number of successively finer filters at the top of the container. The first filter is intended to trap particles which could damage the subsequent filters that remove fine dust particles. The filters must regularly be cleaned or replaced to ensure that the machine continues to perform efficiently.

Since Dyson's success in raising public awareness of cyclonic separation, several other companies have introduced cyclone models. Competing manufacturers include Hoover, Bissell, Shark, Eureka, Electrolux, Filter Queen, etc., and the cheapest models are no more expensive than a conventional cleaner.


Main article: Central vacuum cleaner

Central vacuum cleaners, also known as built-in or ducted, are a type of canister/cylinder model which has the motor and dirt filtration unit located in a central location in a building, and connected by pipes to fixed vacuum inlets installed throughout the building. Only the hose and cleaning head need be carried from room to room, and the hose is commonly 8 m (25 ft) long, allowing a large range of movement without changing vacuum inlets. Plastic or metal piping connects the inlets to the central unit. The vacuum head may be unpowered, or have beaters operated by an electric motor or by an air-driven turbine.

The dirt bag or collection bin in a central vacuum system is usually so large that emptying or changing needs to be done less often, perhaps a few times per year for an ordinary household. The central unit usually stays in stand-by, and is turned on by a switch on the handle of the hose. Alternately, the unit powers up when the hose is plugged into the wall inlet, when the metal hose connector makes contact with two prongs in the wall inlet and control current is transmitted through low voltage wires to the main unit.

A central vacuum typically produces greater suction than common portable vacuum cleaners because a larger fan and more powerful motor can be used when they are not required to be portable. A cyclonic separation system, if used, does not lose suction as the collection container fills up, until the container is nearly full. This is in marked contrast to filter-bag designs, which start losing suction immediately as pores in the filter become clogged by accumulated dirt and dust.

A benefit to allergy sufferers is that unlike a standard vacuum cleaner, which must blow some of the dirt collected back into the room being cleaned (no matter how efficient its filtration), a central vacuum removes all the dirt collected to the central unit. Since this central unit is usually located outside the living area, no dust is recirculated back into the room being cleaned. Also it is possible on most newer models to vent the exhaust entirely outside, even with the unit inside the living quarters.

Another benefit of the central vacuum is, because of the remote location of the motor unit, there is much less noise in the room being cleaned than with a standard vacuum cleaner.


Hoover Constellation of 1960

The Hoover Company marketed an unusual vacuum cleaner, called the Constellation, in the 1960s. The cylinder type lacked wheels, and instead the vacuum cleaner floated on its exhaust, operating as a hovercraft, although this is not true of the earliest models. They had a rotating hose with the intention being that the user would place the unit in the center of the room, and work around the cleaner. Introduced in 1954, they are collectible, and are easily identified by their spherical shape. But they remain an interesting machine; restored, they work well in homes with many hardwood floors.

The Constellations were changed and updated over the years until discontinued in 1975. These Constellations route all of the exhaust under the vacuum using a different airfoil. The updated design is quiet even by modern standards, particularly on carpet as it muffles the sound. These models float on carpet or bare floor—although on hard flooring, the exhaust air tends to scatter any fluff or debris around.

Hoover re-released an updated version of this later model Constellation in the US (model # S3341 in Pearl White and # S3345 in stainless steel). Changes include a HEPA filtration bag, a 12-amp motor, a turbine-powered brush roll, and a redesigned version of the handle. This same model was marketed in the UK under the Maytag brand as the Satellite because of licensing restrictions. It was sold from 2006 to 2009.


See vacuum truck for very big vacuum cleaners mounted on vehicles.


Some other vacuum cleaners include an electric mop in the same machine: for a dry and a later wet clean.

The iRobot company developed the Scooba, a robotic wet vacuum cleaner that carries its own cleaning solution, applies it and scrubs the floor, and vacuums the dirty water into a collection tank.


A vacuum's suction is caused by a difference in air pressure. A fan driven by an electric motor (often a universal motor) reduces the pressure inside the machine. Atmospheric pressure then pushes the air through the carpet and into the nozzle, and so the dust is literally pushed into the bag.

Tests have shown that vacuuming can kill 100% of young fleas and 96% of adult fleas.[26]

Exhaust filtration

A full dustbag. The frame around the opening fastens to the interior end of the cleaner's hose inlet.

Vacuums by their nature cause dust to become airborne, by exhausting air that is not completely filtered. This can cause health problems since the operator ends up inhaling respirable dust, which is also redeposited into the area being cleaned. There are several methods manufacturers use to control this problem, some of which may be combined in a single appliance. Typically a filter is positioned so that the incoming air passes through it before it reaches the fan, and then the filtered air passes through the motor for cooling purposes. Some other designs use a completely separate air intake for cooling.

It is nearly impossible for a practical air filter to completely remove all ultrafine particles from a dirt-laden airstream. An ultra-efficient air filter will immediately clog up and become ineffective during everyday use, and practical filters are a compromise between filtering effectiveness and restriction of airflow. One way to sidestep this problem is to exhaust partially filtered air to the outdoors, which is a design feature of some central vacuum systems. Specially engineered portable vacuums may also utilize this design, but are more awkward to set up and use, requiring temporary installation of a separate exhaust hose to an exterior window.

  • Bag: The most common method to capture the debris vacuumed up involves a paper or fabric bag that allows air to pass through, but attempts to trap most of the dust and debris. The bag may become clogged with fine dust before it is full. The bag may be disposable, or designed to be cleaned and re-used.
  • Bagless: In non-cyclonic bagless models, the role of the bag is taken by a removable container and a reusable filter, equivalent to a reusable fabric bag.
  • Cyclonic separation: A vacuum cleaner employing this method is also bagless. It causes intake air to be cycled or spun so fast that most of the dust is forced out of the air and falls into a collection bin. The operation is similar to that of a centrifuge. Centrifugal separators eliminate the problem of a bag becoming clogged with fine dust.
  • Water filtration: First seen commercially in the 1920s in the form of the Newcombe Separator (later to become the Rexair Rainbow), a water filtration vacuum cleaner uses a water bath as a filter. It forces the dirt-laden intake air to pass through water before it is exhausted, so that wet dust cannot become airborne. The water trap filtration and low speed may also allow the user to use the machine as a stand-alone air purifier and humidifier unit. The dirty water must be dumped out and the appliance must be cleaned after each use, to avoid growth of bacteria and mold, causing unpleasant odors.
  • Ultra fine air filter: Also called HEPA filtered, this method is used as a secondary filter after the air has passed through the rest of the machine. It is meant to remove any remaining dust that could harm the operator. Some vacuum cleaners also use an activated charcoal filter to remove odors.

Ordinary vacuum cleaners should never be used to clean up asbestos fibers, even if fitted with a HEPA filter. Specially-designed machines are required to safely clean up asbestos.[27]


Most vacuum cleaners are supplied with numerous specialized attachments, such as tools, brushes and extension wands, which allow them to reach otherwise inaccessible places or to be used for cleaning a variety of surfaces. The most common of these tools are:

  • Hard floor brush (for non-upright designs)
  • Powered floor nozzle (for canister designs)
  • Dusting brush
  • Crevice tool
  • Upholstery nozzle
  • Hard floor brush (for non-upright designs)

  • Hard floor brush (for non-upright designs)


The performance of a vacuum cleaner can be measured by several parameters:

  • Airflow, in litres per second [l/s] or cubic feet per minute (CFM or ft³/min)
  • Air speed, in metres per second [m/s] or miles per hour [mph]
  • Suction, vacuum, or water lift, in pascals [Pa] or inches of water

Other specifications of a vacuum cleaner are:

  • Weight, in kilograms [kg] or pounds [lb]
  • Noise, in decibels [dB]
  • Power cord length and hose length (as applicable)


The suction is the maximum pressure difference that the pump can create. For example, a typical domestic model has a suction of about negative 20 kPa.[citation needed] This means that it can lower the pressure inside the hose from normal atmospheric pressure (about 100 kPa) by 20 kPa. The higher the suction rating, the more powerful the cleaner. One inch of water is equivalent to about 249 Pa; hence, the typical suction is 80 inches (2,000 mm) of water.

Input power

The power consumption of a vacuum cleaner, in watts, is often the only figure stated.[citation needed] Many North American vacuum manufacturers give the current only in amperes (e.g. "6 amps"),[citation needed] and the consumer is left to multiply that by the line voltage of 120 volts to get the approximate power ratings in watts. The rated input power does not indicate the effectiveness of the cleaner, only how much electricity it consumes.

After August 2014, due to EU rules, manufacture of vacuum cleaners with a power consumption greater than 1600 watts were banned within the EU, and from 2017 no vacuum cleaner with a wattage greater than 900 watts was permitted.[28][29]

Output power

Main article: Airwatt

The amount of input power that is converted into airflow at the end of the cleaning hose is sometimes stated, and is measured in airwatts: the measurement units are simply watts. The word "air" is used to clarify that this is output power, not input electrical power.

The airwatt is derived from English units. ASTM International defines the airwatt as 0.117354 × F × S, where F is the rate of air flow in ft3/min and S is the pressure in inches of water. This makes one airwatt equal to 0.9983 watts.[30]

Automotive vacuums in Bayonet Point, Florida. Although the sign says "free", a paid car wash is required first.
Automotive vacuums in Bayonet Point, Florida. Although the sign says "free," a paid car wash is required first.

Peak horsepower

The peak horsepower of a vacuum cleaner is often measured by removal of any cooling fans and calculating power based on the motor's power plus the rotational inertial energy stored the motor armature and centrifugal blower. A peak horsepower rating is often an impractical figure and is only valid for a very short period. Continuous power is typically far lower.[31][32]

See also


  1. ^"Cheerio to the cheerio". 31 January 2009.
  2. ^"You do the luxing and you eat belgium". 3 September 2009.
  3. ^"Fascinating facts about the invention of vacuum cleaner by Daniel Hess in 1860". The Great Idea Finder. Archived from the original on 10 July 2019.
  4. ^Hess, Daniel (10 July 1860) "Carpet-Sweeper" U.S. Patent 29,077
  5. ^McGaffey, Ives W. (8 June 1869) "Improved-Sweeping Machine" U.S. Patent 91,145
  6. ^"Our History". Bissell. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
  7. ^ abGantz, Carroll (21 Sep 2012). The Vacuum Cleaner: A History. McFarland. p. 45
  8. ^ abWohleber, Curt (Spring 2006). "The Vacuum Cleaner". Invention & Technology Magazine. American Heritage Publishing. Archived from the original on 13 March 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  9. ^ abGantz, Carroll (21 Sep 2012). The Vacuum Cleaner: A History. McFarland. p. 49
  10. ^"Sucking up to the vacuum cleaner". BBC News. 30 August 2001. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  11. ^"THE STORY OF THE VACUUM CLEANER". bvc.co.uk.
  12. ^"The Changes to Vacuum Cleaners over the last 100 years". The People History.
  13. ^Levy, Joel (2003). Really useful: the origins of everyday things. Firefly Books. p. 147. ISBN .
  14. ^U.S. Patent 889,823
  15. ^U.S. Patent 1,364,554
  16. ^"Vacuum cleaner lasts for 70 years". BBC News. 27 January 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2008.
  17. ^"Robot cleaner hits the shops". BBC News. 16 May 2003. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  18. ^Edginton, B. (2008) “The Air Recycling Cleaner”. g0cwt.co.uk
  19. ^Market Transformation Programme (2006), “BNXS30: Vacuum cleaners – UK market, technologies, energy use, test methods and waste”. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  20. ^Gantz, Carroll (21 September 2012). The Vacuum Cleaner: A History. McFarland. p. 189. ISBN . Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  21. ^DC Blower Specifications. Delta Electronics
  22. ^History of HMI Industries, Inc. – FundingUniverse. Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  23. ^A new idea. dyson.co.uk
  24. ^Against the Odds: An Autobiography: Amazon.co.uk: James Dyson: Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  25. ^te Duits, Thimo, ed. (2003). The Origin of Things: Sketches, Models, Prototypes. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers. pp. 202–209. ISBN .
  26. ^"Cat Fleas' Journey into The Vacuum Is A 'One-way Trip'". Sciencedaily.com. 22 December 2007. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  27. ^"Asbestos essentials em4 Using a Class H vacuum cleaner for asbestos"(PDF). Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  28. ^"Ten days left to vacuum up a powerful cleaner". BBC News. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  29. ^Harrabin, Roger (1 September 2017). "Sales of inefficient vacuum cleaners banned". BBC News. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  30. ^Rowlett, Russ (21 March 2001). "Units: A". How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measurement. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
  31. ^"The Horsepower of Shop-Vac Vacuums". Truth in Advertising (organization). July 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  32. ^"The Truth About Horsepower". Intervac Design. Retrieved 5 October 2021.

Further reading

  • Booth, H. Cecil "The origin of the vacuum cleaner," Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1934–1935, Volume 15.
  • Gantz, Carroll. The Vacuum Cleaner: A History (McFarland, 2012), 230 pp

External links

Look up hoover in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuum_cleaner
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Vintage Vacuums: Older Than Dirt (Almost)

If you’re a lover of antiques, you won’t be surprised to hear that vintage vacuum cleaners have gained considerable retro appeal in the past decade. Besides making beautiful display items, the irresistible story behind these favored appliances has added to their charm as a collector’s item over the years.

The transformation timeline of the vacuum cleaner as a household appliance spans over 150 years. From being towed by horse-carts, to hovering over floors like a spacecraft in movies like Star Wars, here are the top collectable vacuum cleaners among collectors today.

1. Electrolux 1950s model

Swedish-based company Electrolux has produced vacuums since 1918. In the 1960s, the company successfully advertised its machines in Britain by using the slogan "Nothing sucks like an Electrolux". The word ‘sucks’ had a significantly negative association in the United States at the time, which lead many to believe that the slogan was a branding mistake. The campaign was however well planned and aimed to pull the attention of consumers, which it successfully did! Electrolux remains on the forefront of vacuum cleaning today.

2.My Little Queen series by Bissell

The first Bissell carpet cleaning machine was designed and built by Melville Bissell to assist the cleaning of his family’s crockery shop, which he managed with his wife, Anna. The early carpet cleaning machine was patented in 1876 as the Bissell Carpet Sweeper.

The cute, Bissell ‘Little Queen’ carpet sweeper and ‘Shampoo Master’ proved to be very popular in the 1960s.

3.Hoover 800

As with the brands mentioned above, Hoover’s history dates back quite far back. In 1907 Murray Spangler developed the first Hoover vacuum cleaner design. What many people don’t know, however, is that he was simply a janitor with an asthma problem at the time. Spangler’s boss, W.H. Hoover, who owned a leather product manufacturing shop, bought the patent from Spangler in 1908. Spangler was kept on as a partner, and soon had his

own production station in the corner of the leather goods factory.

The Hoover 800 experienced the height of its popularity between the 1950s and 1960s. The brand has become a generic term for vacuum cleaners around the world.

4.1954 Model 82 Hoover Constellation

In a response to society’s obsession with space and the future, the Hoover Constellation was designed. The first models were not very effective, but were improved throughout the years. The model was discontinued in the mid 1970s.

5.Singer Deluxe model vacuum cleaner

In its early years, Singer exclusively sold sewing machines. In later years, the company expanded its product portfolio to include a range of household appliances. The Singer Deluxe vacuum was popular in the 1960s. In 1976, this vacuum cleaner would cost you $69.95, which converts to $57.50 today.

6. 1910s The Royal Lexon Standard

Royal Lexon sold over one million of these models in an era where only a few million homes had electricity.

7.Hoover Dustette 1926 model

The Hoover Dustette was the first handheld vacuum to be designed and sold by Hoover. The machine had a unique motor that gave it extreme durability. It is interesting to know that many Dustettes still work today.

8.Bissell Baby Sweeper and Bissell’s Utility Sweeper

One of the earliest carpet cleaning devises to be commercially sold includes

Bissell’s ‘Utility Sweeper’ and the Bissell ‘Baby Sweeper’; a much smaller toy model.

The Museum of Clean is home to an extensive collection of the earliest vacuum cleaners that were invented.

9.Hamilton Beach Model 14 (1950’s)

Hamilton Beach made a technical advancement in vacuum cleaning through this model, which could work on either AC or DC currents.


The Kirby Company usually only produced one model at a time. The company, until recent years, relied heavily on door-to-door sales, which did not garner a sterling reputation. In 1999, the Wall Street Journal published examples of complaints of "older customers who lack the will to stand up to grueling sales pitches." In one case an elderly couple was unable to remove three Kirby salesmen from their home for over five hours. In another case, a disabled woman was forcibly talked into buying a vacuum cleaner for $400 more than her monthly income despite the fact that she already owned a Kirby!

Check It Out: The Museum of Clean

The Museum of Clean is located at 711 South 2nd Avenue in Pocatello, Idaho. The museum features a massive exhibit devoted to the vacuum. Nearly 1,000 different models, from various makers, produced between 1869 and 1969, is on display. The interactive exhibit is one of the highlights of the museum.

Take a virtual tour of the Museum of Clean:

11.Interstate Engineering Corporation 1970s Model C-8

The Model C-8 may look like a standard vacuum cleaner, but in its day the Compact C-8 was one of the most durable and powerful vacuums on the market. The range was available in 1970s race car colors.

If you’d like to know where you can get your very own collectible vacuum cleaner, visit online stores such as The Find or Ebay.com. In addition to this, keeping an eye on Antique Trader is not a bad idea! You may also take a look at The Guardian’s list of best vintage and antique fairs to find antique selling points in your area.

About the contributing bloggerBissell has been committed to making durable homes cleaner for over 130 years. Bissell offers a wide range of quick, floor, carpet and pet cleaning products.

Sours: https://www.antiquetrader.com
Vintage Electrolux Automatic G American Canister Vacuum Cleaner Unboxing


Metal vacuum old


Overview of Royal All-Metal Commercial Upright Vacuum Cleaners -- (NO LONGER MANUFACTURED!)


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